Wildlife trade is a vast, international, multi-million dollar commercial enterprise worth up to $10 billion a year, as much as 70% of which is illegal. Within Asia, much of this trade starts from Indonesia, one of the worlds 10 ‘mega diverse’ countries and the largest supplier of wildlife products in the region. Across the archipelago, key species including tiger, rhino, elephant, orangutan, birds, bears, orchids, fish, turtles, pangolins, coral, snakes, sharks and more are being hunted and traded in enormous volumes.
Of the 107 species of birds and mammals red-listed as endangered in Indonesia, over exploitation is identified as the principal threat in over one third. In the case of the 16 reptiles listed, over exploitation is identified as the principal threat for all. While Indonesia has a legal environments that generally support the control of wildlife trade, it is effective implementation has many barriers.